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Old 27 September 2011, 21:03   #1
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Mouse control

Hello all, please help me. I want use Mouse in my programm on assembler.
How can i do it? I anderstand how click mouse buttom, but I not anderstand how trace mouse way. Assembler code please, if this not problem. I use Devpack on my Amiga1200+MTec1230+8MbFast. Maby use OS library? Coding for WB.
Senks. For give my English.
Old 28 September 2011, 11:34   #2

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You should read JOY0DAT ($dff00a, for the mouse on the first port) during the VERTB interrupt. Bit 8-15 represent the vertical count and bit 7-0 the horizontal count.

Always save the value from the previous VERTB, so you can calculate the differences. Also note that there will frequently be overruns in the 8-bit counters. For example a previous value of $10 and a current value of $20 show you a delta-x (or delta-y) of 16 ($10). But a previous value of $f8 and a current value of $08 will indicate the same distance, which the mouse has been travelled.
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Old 28 September 2011, 20:11   #3
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Big sanx for a your anseware.
I anderstand all, but have other dificult....

I do that:

movem.l d0-d7/a0-a6,-(SP)
jsr Draw ;draw border of menu

move.w $dff00a,d0 ; read mose port data
move.l d0,d1
jsr Pause ;pause for pause
lsr.w #8,d1 ;shift on 8-bit
andi.l #$ff,d0 ;d0-x coordinat
andi.l #$ff,d1 ;d1-y coordinat
lea.l mousex,a1 ;save in mousex
move.l d0,(a1) ;do
lea.l mousey,a1 ;save in mousey
move.l d1,(a1) ;d1
cmp #0,d1 ;compare resultat
bne.s temp_0 ;and go to other code

This code move border of menu in 3 row. Start,Option,Exit.
But its no good.
Have errors in calculate the differences and move border(mouse) no stability.

Haw can i get start position (0,0) and haw can i use interrupt.
If you not dificult, please print me code

Sorry on the my English
Old 29 September 2011, 11:11   #4

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Location: Herford / Germany
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You need to install a Level3 interrupt handler for reading the new mouse counters during the vertical blanking interrupt. This way you can update your mouse position using the movement deltas 50 or 60 times per second.

Either use the appropriate exec.library functions to install a new VERTB interrupt server with AddIntServer(), or if you feel like taking over the whole system you should write your interrupt handler's address to VectorBase+$6c (VectorBase is 0 on 68000). This is the Level 3 interrupt vector, which handles Copper, VERTB and Blitter Interrupts. We are only interested in VERTB and ignore the other two:

        movem.l d0-d1,-(sp)
        moveq   #$20,d0   
        and.w   $dff01e,d0
        beq     lev3_done
        move.w  $dff00a,d1
        move.w  d1,d0
        sub.b   oldhorizcnt,d0
        ext.w   d0
        add.w   d0,mouse_x
        move.b  d1,oldhorizcnt
        lsr.w   #8,d1
        move.b  oldvertcnt,d0
        move.b  d1,oldvertcnt
        sub.b   d0,d1
        ext.w   d1
        add.w   d1,mouse_y
        movem.l (sp)+,d0-d1   
        move.w  #$0070,$dff09c

        ds.w    1
        ds.w    1
        ds.b    1
        ds.b    1
During the interrupt the mouse movement deltas are calculated and added to the current position. In your main program you can directly read mouse_x and mouse_y at any time.

To initialize your mouse request you should do the following:
; set the starting mouse position (for example 0,0)
        move.w  #0,mouse_x
        move.w  #0,mouse_y

; initialize the old counters, so the mouse will not jump on first movement
        move.w  $dff00a,d0
        move.b  d0,oldhorizcnt
        lsr.w   #8,d0
        move.b  d0,oldvertcnt
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Old 29 September 2011, 11:31   #5
Toni Wilen
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Age: 44
Posts: 23,591
Coding for WB
IDCMP messages or input.device. Do not access hardware directly. Check Rom kernel manuals and other documentation for example in eab fileserver.
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Old 29 September 2011, 11:50   #6

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Originally Posted by Jekot View Post
Maby use OS library? Coding for WB.
Sorry, I missed that. When coding for WB you will want to avoid any direct hardware access.

In this case you could open input.device and install an input handler at a high priority, so you can process all mouse events before WB is getting them.

Example code for opening the device and installing the handler (just a draft):
  if (inputport = CreatePort(NULL,0)) {
    if (input = (struct IOStdReq *)
                 CreateExtIO(inputport,sizeof(struct IOStdReq))) {
      if (InputIntData = AllocMem(sizeof(struct InputIntDat),
                                   MEMF_CHIP|MEMF_PUBLIC|MEMF_CLEAR)) {
        if (!(input_dev = OpenDevice("input.device",0,
                                     (struct IORequest *)input,0))) {
          InputHandler.is_Node.ln_Type = NT_INTERRUPT;
          InputHandler.is_Node.ln_Pri = 100;
          InputHandler.is_Data = InputIntData;
          InputHandler.is_Code = (void(*)())InputIntCode;
          input->io_Data = (void *)&InputHandler;
          input->io_Command = IND_ADDHANDLER;
          DoIO((struct IORequest *)input);
Your handler is called IntputIntCode, and the data structure, which you can use to save your mouse position (also buttons and other stuff), is called InputIntData.

The handler code, including button handling, could look like this:
        include "exec/types.i"
        include "devices/inputevent.i"
        xdef    _InputIntCode
        move.l  a0,-(sp)
        cmp.b   #IECLASS_RAWMOUSE,ie_Class(a0)
        bne     .next
        move.w  ie_Code(a0),d0
        btst    #7,d0
        bne.b   .up
        cmp.w   #IECODE_LBUTTON,d0
        beq.b   .lmb_down   
        cmp.w   #IECODE_MBUTTON,d0
        beq.b   .mmb_down
        cmp.w   #IECODE_RBUTTON,d0
        beq.b   .rmb_down
        bra.b   .move
        and.w   #$007f,d0
        cmp.w   #IECODE_LBUTTON,d0
        beq.b   .lmb_up
        cmp.w   #IECODE_MBUTTON,d0
        beq.b   .mmb_up
        cmp.w   #IECODE_RBUTTON,d0
        beq.b   .rmb_up
        bra.b   .move  
        move.l  #-1,iid_LeftButtonDown(a1)
        clr.l   iid_LeftButtonUp(a1)
        bra.b   .move
        move.l  #-1,iid_MidButtonDown(a1)
        clr.l   iid_MidButtonUp(a1)
        bra.b   .move
        move.l  #-1,iid_RightButtonDown(a1)
        clr.l   iid_RightButtonUp(a1)
        bra.b   .move
        move.l  #-1,iid_LeftButtonUp(a1)
        clr.l   iid_LeftButtonDown(a1)  
        bra.b   .move
        move.l  #-1,iid_MidButtonUp(a1)
        clr.l   iid_MidButtonDown(a1)  
        bra.b   .move
        move.l  #-1,iid_RightButtonUp(a1)
        clr.l   iid_RightButtonDown(a1)  
        move.w  ie_X(a0),d0
        muls    d1,d0
        move.l  d0,iid_MouseX(a1)
        move.w  ie_Y(a0),d0
        muls    d1,d0
        move.l  d0,iid_MouseY(a1)
        move.l  ie_NextEvent(a0),d0
        move.l  d0,a0
        bne     .loop
        move.l  (sp)+,d0
The InputIntData structure, which can be used by the application, looks like this:
        STRUCTURE       InputIntDat,0
        ULONG           iid_LeftButtonDown 
        ULONG           iid_MidButtonDown  
        ULONG           iid_RightButtonDown
        ULONG           iid_LeftButtonUp 
        ULONG           iid_MidButtonUp  
        ULONG           iid_RightButtonUp
        ULONG           iid_MouseX
        ULONG           iid_MouseY
        ULONG           iid_MouseSpeed
You can use iid_MouseSpeed to accelerate movements.
Depending on the type of your WB-application there might be even simpler solutions. E.g. via an IntuiMessage or reading MouseX and MouseY from your current Window. The shown input handler code would be used for an OS-friendly game, which needs full mouse control.
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Old 29 September 2011, 15:34   #7
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Big sanx. I sink use gadget in Intuition. Function gadget Followmouse.

Last edited by Jekot; 29 September 2011 at 16:10.

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