Golem, Ouch! sounds like you may have had the heat on too long. Is your iron 25w? if it's higher then yeah you need to be super quick so as not to overheat things.
if you want to bridge the gap, instead of blobbling solder on the board between the contacts, take a bit of spare wire and twist two or three individual strands of the copper together and "tin" it. Tinning is the process of applying heat and solder to the wire until it sticks and turns silver. cut the tinned wire to the length required to bridge the contacts. with a pair of tweezers lay the tinned wires over the contacts and just touch the iron on the wire. the solder on the tinned wires should then bond with the remaining solder on the pads where the resistor was.